8 Common Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women: Causes and Treatments

Shortly after we launched MyMedicalBank Telemedicine app in 2020, we experienced a surge in the number of enquiries we were receiving from members of the the public who were interested in booking telemedicine consultations. Interestingly 80% of the enquiries were from women, with a significant number relating to sexual and reproductive health issues.

In response to that finding, we subsequently organized a free webinar facilitated by Patrician Okon a Registered Nurse and Sexual Health Practitioner, as a public health initiative to support women.

This article is a further attempt to provide more information on the common gynaecological issues in Nigerian Women in other to offer more support in maintaining good health.

Causes Of Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women & Treatment

1. Menstrual Disorders | Causes Of Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women & Treatment

Menstrual irregularities, such as heavy bleeding (menorrhagia), painful periods (dysmenorrhea), and irregular cycles, are common gynecological issues. These can be caused by hormonal imbalances, fibroids, or underlying medical conditions.

  • Treatment Of Menstrual Disorders

Treatment: Treatment options may include hormonal medications, lifestyle changes, or surgical interventions, depending on the underlying cause.

2. Fibroids (Uterine Leiomyomas) | Causes Of Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women & Treatment

Fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that can cause symptoms like heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and frequent urination.

  • Treatment Of Fibroids (Uterine Leiomyomas)

Treatment options range from medications to minimally invasive procedures like myomectomy or uterine artery embolization, and, in some cases, a hysterectomy.

3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) | Causes Of Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women & Treatment

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that can lead to irregular periods, weight gain, and fertility issues.

  • Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Management includes lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), hormonal birth control, and fertility treatments if needed.

4. Endometriosis | Causes Of Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women & Treatment

Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing pain and fertility problems.

  • Treatment Endometriosis

Options include pain management, hormonal therapy, and minimally invasive surgery to remove endometrial tissue.

5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) | Causes Of Gynaecological Issues in Nigerian Women & Treatment

PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs, often caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

  • Treatment Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Prompt treatment with antibiotics is essential to prevent complications like infertility.

6. Cervical Abnormalities

Abnormal Pap smear results or cervical dysplasia can be precursors to cervical cancer.

  • Treatment Cervical Abnormalities

Treatment depends on the severity of abnormalities and may include monitoring, colposcopy, or surgical interventions.

7. Vaginal Infections

Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis are common vaginal infections that can cause discomfort and discharge.

  • Treatment Vaginal Infections

These infections are typically treated with antifungal or antibiotic medications.

8. Menopause and Hormonal Changes

Menopause is a natural part of aging and can bring symptoms like hot flashes, mood changes, and vaginal dryness.

  • Treatment Menopause and Hormonal Changes

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or lifestyle modifications can help manage menopausal symptoms.


It’s crucial for women to be aware of these common gynecological issues and seek timely medical attention when needed. Regular gynecological check-ups, healthy lifestyle choices, and open communication with healthcare providers are key to preventing, diagnosing, and managing these conditions effectively.

At MyMedicalBank, we prioritize women’s health and are here to provide support, information, and access to trusted healthcare providers. If you have any concerns or questions about gynecological health, don’t hesitate to reach out to us. There are medical practitioners, including Gynaecologists, registered nurses and sexual and reproductive health practitioners we can connect you with through MyMedicalBank app for clinic visit, virtual medical consultation through video call or home visit whichever care setting is most convenient for you. Your well-being matters, and together, we can ensure that you receive the care and support you need at affordable cost.

Have you been affected by any of the issues raised in this article? Feel free to reach out to us or leave a comment below. We also invite you to share the article so that others can benefit.

MyMedicalBank is Nigeria’s #1 health digital platform for accessing personal health records, booking appointment for medical tests, home care, telemedicine and accessing health insurance and other healthcare services from hospitals, clinics, medical laboratories, HMOs, care organizations and other providers. For enquiries, visit, email [email protected] or call +234 (0) 802 759 0165.

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